Auflistung traditioneller japanischer Drachen
Übersetzung der Seite von Masami Takakuwa.
Japanische Drachen gehören zu den spektakulärsten der Welt. Sie sind begehrt wegen ihres ästhitischen Wertes, aber auch wegen der Freude, die sie als Spielzeug bereiten. Der traditionelle japanische Drachen besteht aus einem leichten Bambus- oder Holzrahmen der mit einem Papiersegel bespannt ist, welches mit verschiedensten Motiven, die von den Köpfen berühmter japanischer Helden bis zu brillianten geometrischen Mustern reichen, bemalt sind. In der Händen eines geschickten Drachenbauers kann ein wahres Kunstwerk entstehen.
Japanische Drachen werden auch in Größen von fast 100 m² mit vielen verschiednen Segelformen gefertigt. Sie zum Fliegen zu bringen erfordert viel handwerkliches Geschick.
Japanische Drachen besitzen eine enge Verbindung zur religiösen Geschichte und zu militärischen Ereignissen. Heute sind die Drachen ein Quell der Freude, haben aber immer noch die Verbindung zu traditionellen Legenden.
Die folgenden Drachen sind Einleiner und aus Bambus und Washi gefertigt. Lediglich der Rahmen der Tsugaru-Drachen besteht aus Lebensbaum-Holz.
- Edo Kaku
- Ezo Dako
- Fukushima Dako
- Hakodate Ikanobori
- Inmyoji Dako
KORYU-SEMI KORYU-SEMI has a very excellent feature to fly stable at strong wind speed at 8-15m/sec. It is very difficult to build KORYU SEMI because it needs a special sooty bamboo for its frame, Washi(Japanese paper) and excellent technique and experience to build. KORYU means old style and SEMI means a cicada. Great Works of Nagoya Koryuis shouwn in another special page.
MACHIJIRUSHI Machi means town and Jirushi means symbol. This kite is a kind of symbol of a town. Kite fighting festival in Hamamatsu is held among towns on May evry year. Those 168 towns have their own kite to fight. Refer to the page on Japanese Kite Festivals. Hamamatsu is very famous for the huge scale Giant Kite Festivals in Japan.. Related page
MARUGAME KITE This kite was born in Marugame, Shikoku island in Japan. The shape is Japanese traditional "Daruma" which has a unique face and pattern comparing with other Daruma kite.
MATTAKU This kite was born in Okinawa, southern island, Japan. The shape and painting of this kite is geometrical pattern which we cannot find anywhere in Japan.
MANAGU Managu means eyes.This kite is painted only Sumi, Japan ink. The flight feature is very excellent.
NOSHIRO DAKO Noshirodako has a feature having two vertical frame and four horizontal frame. It has no frame at the bottom of the kite.
OHGI This kite has been inherited since Ede era in Kariya district, Kannonji city, Kagawa prefecture.
OHGI-SAKKYO Ohgi means a folding fan. It is unbelievable that Ohgi kite can fly in the sky.
OHJI 'OHJI' ia a kind of Yakko dako. It needs tails to fly stable.
OKI 'Oki' is a name of island where this kite was born.
ONIYOCHO This kite has very strange shape comparing with other Japanese kites. This kite is made in Hirado, Nagasaki prefecture.
ONIYOUZU 'ONI' means a demon and 'YOUZU' means a kite. This kite is a kind of an exorcism. Praying for family's happiness and healty life, people fly this kite at New Year festival.
ONNABERABO & OTOKOBERABO This kind of kite is called Noshiro dako. This kite has two vertical spars and three horizontal spars. The construction of the kite is very peculier shape. 'ONNA' means woman and 'BERABO' means ridiculous. It has a humolous painting. There is another OTOKOBERABO, and 'OTOKO' means a man.
ROKKAKU(SANJO) Rokkaku means hexagon, and is famous for its excellent flight feature, stability and simplicity of the construction among Japanese kites. This kite was bone in Sanjo, Niigata prefecture, northern center of Japan and is also called as Sanjo-Rokkaku. Today, this type of kites made by variety of materials are seen around the world. Any size can be built and its flight feature is very stable at any wind speed. All photos of kites which participate Sanjo kite festival are introduced. Kite festival is shown on the page of Giant Kite Festivals in Japan.
SAGARA 'SAGARA' means the district of Shizuoka prefecture, and this kite was born there.Typical twenty kites are shown on the page of SAGARA. Sagara kite was born in the early eighteen century.This kite has two bridles and no tail and a kind of fighting kite.
SAKAZUKI DAKO 'SAKAZUKI' means wine cup. This kite exhibits a very stable flight even if the shape is peculiar.
SEMI 'SEMI' means a cicada in Japanese.
SHOGI 'SHOGI' is a kind of Japanese game like a chess and this shape resembles with a piece of Shogi, like as King of chess. This kite is born in Chigasaki city, Kanagawa prefecture neaby Tokyo. It needs a long tail made by rope and needs strong wind to fly. It has a small hummer on top of the kite.
SODE The shape of Sode-dako resembles Japanese kimono. Sode means sleeves of Japanese Kimono. This kite has a large hummer on the top of kite. It needs the strong wind to fly this kite stable. This kite is build and fly to pray new born boy's future happiness and their health.
SUMIYOSHI SUMIYOSHI-dako has been handed down over 500 years ago. This kite was used as a signal in war time and was born in Yoshida-cho, Shizuoka prefecture.
SURUGA SURUGA-dako has the special features that the both side of the kite has a branchia. This kite can be build from square paper sheet without any idle by cutting. This kite is made in Shizuoka prefecture.
SURUMETENBATA This kite is made at Sendai, Miyagi prefecture. The shape of the kite resembles dried a cattlefish which is the famous product in this district.
TAMETOMO 'TAMETOMO' is a famous warlord who lived in the end of Heian era (794 - 1180). He was sent to Hachijo island for his crime and this kite is said to be the memory of his name.
TOMOE The design of this kite is separrated into three parts. The cirkle part of the top of kite means the crest of the owner of Yokosuka castle. The two diamond shaped lozenge shape located at center part of the kite means the family crest of Takeda who is the famous warrior. The folding fan located at the bottom of the kite means means the simbol of Tokugawa shogun.The design of this kite tells about the war on which those three famous Samurais fought.
TONBI 'TONBI' means a kite. This kite is also called as Rokugou Tonbi. Rokugou is the birth place of Tonbi kite and south-west district of Tokyo.
TONGARI & ATAMAKIRE 'TONGAI' and 'ATAMAKIRE' are relatives for its shape and birth. These kites are for wishing good fortune and health of family. The simbol of happiness such as crain, turtle, pine, bamboo, plum tree and top shell is drawn on the kite. The red color which is the simbol of happiness occupies more than half of the face of kite. This kite is flew at the event of the celebration.
TOSA The square-sailed TOSA dako is similar to Franklin kite, Delta or HATA. It might be the delta's true ancestor. It is popular that the painting on the kite is the crest of the family. The kite takes its name from the vast bay of Tosa on the south side of Shikoku island, within the Kochi prefecture. Detail description about TOSA dako is offered with beautiful pictures on "Kite Lines" Spring-Summer 1997, Vol.12, No.3. by Pierre Fabre.
TSUBAME 'TSUBAME'means a swallow.
TSUGARU The kite takes its name from Tsugaru district, northern part of Aomori prefecture which is the birth place of the kite. This kite is different from other Japanese kites. It has wooden frame instead of bamboo which is usually used by other kites. The painting of Tsugaru is one of the most decorative and impressive kite in Japan.
YAKKO YAKKO-dako is one of the most popular kite in Japan. It is very difficult to fly without tails, so children attach 2-4m length of tails made by cut newspaper or other tape.
YOSHITSUNE Yoshitsune Minamoto is a famous soldier who lived between the end of Heian era and the beginning of Kamakura era. (1159-1189)
Variety shapes of Japanese Traditional Kites are offered here after. The giant kites such as Shirone, Hamamatu, Sagamihara, Showa-machi(Hojubana), Ikazaki, Yokaichi and Wan Wan are shown on the page on Giant Kite Festivals in Japan.